Guide Ist die EU ein ‘Staat’ im gewöhnlichen Sinn? Wenn nicht, was ist sie dann? (German Edition)

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How can we contribute in such ways that N14 — as the date is beginning to be called — can become much more than yet another mostly symbolic action such as we have been seeing many times already? First, the situation itself. Trade union federations have called nationwide one day general strikes for November 14 in the four countries I mentioned. Apparently, union federations in France and Italy are considering the idea as well. Let's be clear on the importance of this. Union federations do not launch these kind of strikes because they want serious resistance to austerity.

Rather, they want these strikes as a show of force to strengthen their own positiaon as mediators of the class struggle, as managers of discontent. They want to show governments and bosses: hey, there is a lot of discontent amongst workers. We will try to hold it in check for you; it is our rather well-paid job.

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But you have to give some concessions, you have to soften your stance on austeriry a bit. Only that will enable us to play our role, ony then we can say to our members: trust us, don't rock the boat, we will bring about some improvements. To show governments that the trade union leaders have to be taken into account, trade union leaders call their members to strike, as if to say to govermnent: do you see all these angry workers?

Do you feel the disruption they cause, for just one day? Now, do you appreciate our trouble to keep them quiet? Please help us doing so, by giving us concessions to increase our credibility among these workers. Or would you rather have these workers pushing us aside and fighting on their own terms? Would you rather have strtikes without fixed duration, wildcat strikes, all-out class confrontation? These strikes, then, are entirely bureaucratic in their motivation, as far as trade union functionaries are concerned.

Workers, however, tend to see them as opportunities to show their anger, and make their anger felt. Rightly so! For radicals, that makes them relevant. The more a strike call is supported, in as militant a fashion as possible, the stronger workers will feel, the stronger ties of solidarity will be built.. In itself, this does not stop governments or austerity policies.

But it builds working class strength and confidence needed for a serious struggle. Trade union leaders use these kind of strikes to parade workers as their stage army. Radical workers, anarchists among them, want to see the soldiers of that army starting to fight on their own account, turning the stage army in an independent force fighting from below. That is whay libertarian communists should, in my view, take these strike calls seriously.

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Not because we trust the trade unions, but on the contrary, because we doe not trust them, and refuse to leave the struggle in their iron grip. The general strikes on N14 will not, in themselves, stop austerity or bring down governments. Even a one day European strike will not do that. Greece has seen 20 general strikes of this type. Yet, the government did neither fall nor budge because of that. One can say that, without the discontente expressed through thesee strikes, the Greek goverment and the EU bureaucrats would feel even more arrogantly confident to push on; in that sense, the strikes may have acted as a brake.

But it is clear that to beat back austerity, a much more offensive approach — ongoing strikes, occupations, street blockades, confrontation with the state — will be needed 2. But the mobilizations around the strikes can be used as stepping stones in that direction. The same applies to the European wide strike action now being organized and discussed for N And yes, when you are striking in Spain in the knowledge that workers in Greece, Portugal and Cyprus and Italy? And France? So yes, by all means, let's support the European-wide general strike — in our own independent fashion.

European-wide general strike November 14 - how real? How relevant?

It is not at all the magic trick to end our problems. But we can use it as part of building our fight — and spreading our ideas within the fight. I have not very much to say here about the specifics of struggle in Spain, Portugal, Cyprus and Greece. The general idea is clear: making the strike as forceful as possible, challenging the top-down union bureaucratic grip on events, connecting with ongoing struggles, introducing direct-action dynamics within and around the strike and connected demonstrations. For instance, the anti-austerity protest organized in Londen last Saturday was by trade unions along familiar, bureaucratic, blowing-off-steam-and-then-go-home lines.

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  8. Initiatives like these can make mobilizations much more forceful than trade union organizers intend them to be. Radicals in the countries where the strike is on will find their way. There are, however countries where ther is no general strike call from trade union circles in sight.

    The Netherlands is one of these countries. Whatever is in that document, people will understand this call as a protest against the European-wide austerity policies, at least in their current form.


    Just like national general strike calls can be used to mobilize around in the direction of a more radical approach, the ETUC call can be used to build in the direction of European-wide strike action and more. This is what people, myself included, are trying to do in the Netherlands. It is important to do it right, however. There is the temptation to get stuck on trade union territory, to just take the ETUC call, step to the unions and demand that they organize strike action, imploring them, pressurizing them, leaving it up to them.

    This is the approach that Trotskyists use in Britain: demanding that the TUC organize a general strike. Es tut mir leid, ich bin kein Biologie. Comment AndreasS: For one thing, the survey you mention from Wikipedia no less is more than 20 years old. Geneteics and genetic research have made giant strides since then. I suppose, years ago, you would have heartily agreed with the vast majority of scientists who claimed the earth was flat, too?

    Ich bin ja auch keiner, jedenfalls kein studierter. Ich finde ihn klasse. Translation Issues of skin colour, class and gender in Comment For what it's worth, I agree with wundertype. Colo u r issues tend to refer to the depiction of colo u r on screens etc. You would also do well to avoid the very loaded as you can see by the discussion here word 'race'.

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    Although perhaps you're already racing to hand in your paper now ;-. Comment AndreasS: P. Strictly speaking, there is also only one canine race, which presumably originated with some type of wolf or wolf-like animal. The varous "races" you address are actually called "breeds," indicating the fact IMHO that there was some sort of common ancestor from which the various dog types have been bred or have interbred themselves.

    Comment dude: Wunderbar! Jetzt hab ich Dich. Ich teile ihn nicht. Comment dude: on wikipedia de I think, it was some time ago I found an extensive diskussion on the definition of race human and nonhuman : In the animal kingdom races are discernable, interbreadable subgroups of the same species. Comment AndreasS: Jetzt hast Du mich?